A hand-over occurs after 6 touches, ball to ground, incorrect tap and roll ball, player runs out amongst other things. You should know all the situations your team may be awarded a hand-over. Best procedure is to go to the mark, call for the ball and confirm with the ref that a roll ball is to occur. If the player who has the ball does not immediately hand the ball to the player who calls for it they are liable to be penalised for delaying play.
The referee will run to the mark before they blow the whistle. So if you are on defence and think you saw a forward pass, touch and pass etc instead of yelling at the ref watch him/her. If s/he runs toward where you think the offence occurred then you are likely to be receiving a penalty.
Run toward that mark and ask for the ball then ask for the mark before you tap. You are likely to have an overlap as the attackers will not have realised the penalty was coming.
The penalty, unlike rugby, is hardly ever at the referees feet so don't run and stop right beside the ref. It is often within 2-5m from them.
Know your number. The referee will call your number any time they need to communicate with you on defence. If you react appropriately your team will seldom be penalised.
The worst penalty to concede is for not giving the ball immediately to other team from a hand-over or penalty situation. You must pass the ball to the opposing team reasonably (not hard, typical catching height, not lobbed) so they can play on immediately. Often when penalised for delaying play the penalty can be advanced up to 10m from the offence.
Most penalties result in a net loss of at least 15m for the offending team. If you keep penalties to a minimum your team has a huge advantage.
An X signal, performed with the refs arms crossed above their head, means a player must sub immediately. Sprint to your sub box so replacement player can come on.
Note; technically the player who was "X-ed" is allowed to re-enter the field as soon as they have been to the sub box. The ref often "X-es" a player so the player cools down so it is recommended that coaches have a quick word to their player before allowing them to sub back on. This often reduces the likelihood of further penalties that player gives away as they have calmed down.
Any play that the referee deems to negatively have an impact on the game can basically result in a sinbin. Examples include repeated penalties, holding a player to stop a touchdown opportunity, foul or dangerous play, phantom touches, backchat.
Sub before you are tired. Every time you leave the field when you are exhausted means when you next go on you will not be able to play to your full potential. Recovery time is much quicker when you leave before becoming exhausted Sub on attack, early in the touch count, so fresh players can fully attack the tired defence. Never sub on defence because 6 attackers onto 5 defenders often results in a touchdown.
A] be fit before season starts
B] warmup before each practice and game
C] stretch thoroughly before and after each practice and game
D] stretch during the week to increase flexibility
A] get all niggles seen by a physio
B] don't play with an injury without clearance from physio/doctor etc
Talk to your players on attack to
A] indicate positioning (width, depth)
B] call overlaps
C] create confusion for defence
Talk to your players on defence to:
A] ensure you are marking your opposite
B] ensure no large holes occur for attack to run through
C] create illusion no gaps are there for attack
D] ensure backdoor runners and subbers are covered
A] so your team mates know when to backtrack to get onside.
B] so the referee builds trust in your team
Know the touch count on defence
A] on the 5th unless time is up we should never make an attempt to intercept.
B] as soon as you have made the 6th touch call for the ball so your team can start their 6 touches.
Know the touch count on attack
A] all subbing should be completed early in your touch count
B] when a 6th touch is imminent your five support players should set up for defence before touch is made, so only one player is out of position when opposition take control of the ball.
C] if possible try not to get touched on your opponents sub box side for the sixth touch.
Make your touches in front (usually the shoulder) so you only have to retreat 4.5m.
When you make touches on the attackers arm or back you have to go back the full 5m or more.
Never call a touch until after you have touched the ball carrier.
When you miss a touch make sure you are honest as this builds trust with the ref, and you can be sinbinned for calling touches when you miss.
A touchdown will be awarded when a player places the ball on or over the scoreline prior to being touched. A touchdown will be worth one point. The Dummy Half is not permitted to score touchdowns.
Teams may interchange players at any time. Players coming on to the field may not do so until the player being replaced has come off. Substitutions must occur at or within the team's substitution box.
A means of restarting play. Players must perform the rollball on the mark while facing their opponent's defending scoreline. The rollball occurs when a player with the ball touches or is touched by the opposition. Where the touch occurs the ball carrier places (the ball can not roll in excess of 1m) the ball on the ground and steps forward ensuring their entire body passes over the ball. Players must not delay performing the rollball.
Possession of the Ball
A change of possession shall occur when:
- the ball goes to ground.
- the Dummy half is touched while in possession.
- the Dummy half places the ball in the Touchdown zone.
- the 6th Touch occurs.
- the player in possession steps on or over the boundary of the field of play.
- a rollball is performed incorrectly.
- a tap is performed incorrectly.
At a change of possession play is restarted with a rollball.
A player may pass, knock, throw or otherwise deliver the ball to any onside player in the attacking team. Passing forward is NOT permitted.
The tap is taken by placing the ball on the ground on the mark, releasing the ball from both hands, tapping the ball with the foot a distance of not more than one metre and retrieving the ball cleanly. Any player from the attacking team may take the tap.
When a player/team is penalised the non offending team shall restart play with a tap. The tap is taken at the mark and the defending team must retire ten metres from the mark until the ball has been tapped.
Play restarts with a tap when the following infringements occur;
- Forward Pass
- Touch and Pass
- Rollball performed off the mark
- Performing a rollball prior to a touch being made
Defenders offside at the rollball (5 metres)
- Defenders offside at the tap (10 metres)
- Deliberately delaying play
- More than six players on the field
- Incorrect substitution
- Falsely claiming a touch
- Using more than the minimum force to make a touch
Players from both teams are permitted to effect the touch. A touch is contact with any part of the body, ball, clothing or hair. A minimum of force is to be used at all times. The team in possession is entitled to 6 touches.
Touch and Pass
A player is not to pass the ball after a touch has been made.
The Dummy Half
The dummy half is the person who picks up the ball after a team-mate has performed a rollball. The dummy half should not get touched, and cannot score touchdowns.
After a touch has been made all defending players must retire 5 metres from the mark. Defenders cannot move forward until the dummy half has touched the ball.
If a player with the ball touches or crosses the sideline s/he is deemed to be out of play and a change of possession occurs. Play restarts with a rollball 5 metres in from where the player went out. If a touch is made before the player goes out, the touch counts.
Players of the attacking team are not to obstruct defending players from attempting to effect a touch. Defending players are not to obstruct/interfere with attacking players supporting the ball carrier.
The Field of Play
The field is 70m long (scoreline to scoreline) and 50m wide. Substitution boxes measuring 20m in length shall be situated on both sides of the field at halfway. The Touchdown zone is the area beyond the scoreline.
A team may consist of up to 14 players. A maximum of six (6) are allowed on the field at any one time. A minimum of four players are required for the match to be played.
The captain winning the toss shall receive possession of the ball and a choice of direction and substitution box for the first half. The Referee will supervise the toss.
The match at Touch New Zealand Tournament level shall be 20 minutes each way with a 3 minute break at half time. Associations may alter the duration of matches to suit their particular requirements.
Extra Time and the Drop Off
When a match is drawn at full time and a single winner is required the game will restart at half way with both teams fielding five players and the team that started the match commencing play with a tap. If the starting team scores a touchdown in their first set of six touches the opponents are entitled to a right of reply. They tap from halfway and if they fail to score a touchdown lose the match. If they do score in that set of six then original starters will tap from halfway and the first team to score from this point will win the match. If the starting team do not score in the first set of six then the first team to score a touchdown wins the match. At the completion of every two minutes of play the referees will pause the game and ask that one player from each team leave the field. If the match is still playing after four minutes of extra time the referee will again pause and ask one more player from each team to leave the field. The teams will remain at three players per side until the winning touchdown is scored. Normal subbing is allowed throughout the extra time.
All team members must be correctly attired in team uniforms. Footwear with moulded soles are permitted. Bare feet, spikes and footwear with screw-in studs are not permitted. Players are not to wear any item of jewellery that might be dangerous.
The referee is the sole judge on matters of fact and is required to adjudicate on the rules of the game during play. The referee may impose any sanction necessary to control the match. All officials, players and coaches involved in the match are under the control of the referee.
Foul Play will NOT be Tolerated
Any foul play (the referee being the sole judge) will result in the offending player being penalised, sent to the sin bin for a period of time, or being sent from the field for the remainder of the match, depending on the severity of the offence.
A mixed team is made up of a ratio of male/female players. The team is not permitted to field more than three male players or not less than one male player at any time.